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The Oldsmobile air conditioning system transfers heat from the interior of the car to the outside air by circulating a chemical refrigerant throughout the system. The refrigerant continuously alternates between a liquid and a gas while it is circulating in the entire air conditioning system. The main components involved in the transfer of heat by the Oldsmobile air conditioning system are the compressor, the condenser, and the evaporator. They are connected by tubes and hoses forming a continuous path with two clearly identifiable sections. One is the high-pressure side while the other is the low-pressure side.
The refrigerant cycle in the Oldsmobile air conditioning system is made up of a three-step process. These are pressurization, condensation, and vaporization. The refrigerant marks its entry into the compressor as a low-pressure vapor through the suction port. Here it is pressurized, that is, the low-pressure vapor is squeezed into a confined area. After that it is released through the compressor’s discharge port. As a result of pressurization by the compressor, the refrigerant vapor is caused to become much hotter than the air outside. Once the cycle marks its entry into the next phase, the vapor will change to a liquid.
The vapor which has been converted to a high-pressure refrigerant vapor due to pressurization is pumped by the compressor to the condenser. The air conditioning condenser is located in front of the radiator directly behind the grille. When the engine fan draws outside air over the condenser, the incoming air absorbs the heat contained in the high-pressure vapor. The vapor is subsequently condensed into a high-pressure liquid.
The refrigerant after leaving the condenser makes its way towards the evaporator. It flows through a metering device before it enters the evaporator. As a result of this, there is a significant drop in pressure which allows the refrigerant to vaporize at a lower temperature. What this ensures is that as the blower forces warm air over the evaporator, the refrigerant will absorb the maximum amount of heat. The vaporization phase being complete, the heat-laden vapor is drawn back into the compressor so as to repeat the cycle.
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